1.2 Meridians: 5000 years ago, the Chinese discovered subtle energy in the body that could not be seen. This energy is said to circulate through the body’s meridians. A meridian in traditional Chinese medicine, is the common name of vessel and collaterals. It is the path of running qi and blood connection zang-fu viscera, communication inside and outside, and run through top and bottom. Accordingly, the body's vital energy, “qi”, circulates through the body along specific interconnected channels called meridians. Studies have indicated that energy disturbances in the subtle body’s energy system can have a negative impact on the body’s ability to heal.
If we think of the meridians as a communication wire that allows energy to jump from point A to point B, stopping along the way in different points, we will see that if one of these communication points goes down, the body is unable to send communications clearly, therefore causing a disruption in the body’s ability to communicate with the most important organs.
The Chinese identified 12 main meridians. Later, Dr. Jimmy Scott who developed Health Kinesiology, determined that there are indeed 14 meridians. The meridians run along paths all along the body, creating a series of points called acupressure points. The twelve standard meridians go along the arms and the legs. They are: Heart, Lung, Pericardium, Small Intestine, Large Intestine, Triple Warmer, Kidney, Spleen, Liver, Stomach, Bladder, and Gall Bladder. Meridians are divided into Yin and Yang groups. The Yin meridians of the arm are Heart, Lung and Pericardium. The Yang meridians of the arm are: Small Intestine, Large Intestine, and Triple Warmer. The Yin Meridians of the leg are Kidney, Spleen, and Liver. The Yang meridians of the leg are Stomach, Bladder, and Gall Bladder.
1.3 Ying and Yang: The two concepts yin and yang or the single concept yin-yang originate in ancient Chinese philosophy and metaphysics, which describe two primal opposing but complementary principles said to be found in all objects and processes in the universe.
Yin: is the darker element; it is passive, dark, feminine, downward-seeking, and corresponds to the night, and is often symbolized by water or earth, while yang is symbolized by fire, or wind. Yang is the brighter element; it is active, light, masculine, upward-seeking and corresponds to the day.
Yin (receptive, feminine, dark, passive force) and yang (creative, masculine, bright, active force) are descriptions of complementary opposites rather than absolutes. Any yin/yang dichotomy can be seen as its opposite when viewed from another perspective. The categorization is seen as one of convenience. Most forces in nature can be seen as having yin and yang states, and the two are usually in movement rather than held in absolute stasis.
In Western culture, the dichotomy of good and evil is often taken as a paradigm for other dichotomies. In Hegelian dialectics, dichotomies are linked to progress. In Chinese philosophy, the paradigmatic dichotomy of yin and yang does not generally give preference or moral superiority to one side of the dichotomy, and dichotomies are linked to cyclical processes rather than progress. However, taoism often values yin above yang, and Confucianism often values yang above yin.